The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy.
The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people suggest that nuclear technology has had more positive than negative impacts on the world. In this essay, I will outline both the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear technology and say why I disagree that the benefits outweigh the drawbacks.
Looking first at the advantages, some suggest that we currently have world peace due to the threat of nuclear weapons. While it is true that mutually assured destruction has prevented a war between the world’s nuclear powers, it is not the case that world peace has been achieved. There are many armed conflicts in process around the world at present, and it seems unlikely that they will end any time soon. It is also claimed that nuclear power is a cheap and clean energy source. I believe this is simply false. Nuclear power plants are expensive to build and operate, as is processing nuclear waste. We would be much better off investing resources into energy production from renewables such as solar, wind and wave energy.
On the other hand, it is clear that the disadvantages of nuclear technology are significant – both in terms of weaponry and as a power source. For nuclear weapons, the disadvantages are obvious. Any use of them would certainly be catastrophic for the nation targeted, and could lead to the annihilation of millions around the globe. Nuclear power also has massive downsides, as was seen in the past at Chernobyl and more recently at Fukushima. The meltdown of a nuclear reactor, either due to a natural disaster or human error, leads to the surrounding area being radioactive for decades. The clean-up costs are huge, both economically and environmentally.
In conclusion, due to the seriousness of the drawbacks described above, I do not believe that the benefits of nuclear technology can reasonably be claimed to outweigh the disadvantages.
IELTS Writing Marking Criteria and Task 2
Remember the IELTS Writing Marking Criteria? Read the essay again and ask yourself these questions for each of the following criteria:
- Are all parts of the task addressed?
- Is a clear position / opinion presented?
- Are relevant and well supported main ideas included?
Coherence and Cohesion
- Are the ideas logically organised?
- Is there a range of linking words and phrases?
- Is there a clear topic within each paragraph?
- Is there a range of vocabulary?
- Are there any examples of less common vocabulary and collocations?
Grammatical Range and Accuracy
- Is there a variety of structures?
- Are there frequent error-free sentences?
The answer to all of the above questions is ‘Yes’, which is why this answer is Band 9. You can use the questions above to review your own essays and improve your IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 answers too.